The second largest city of Egypt was founded by Alexander the Great 2,000 years ago and he named it after him, Alexandria. Today, the city has the largest seaport in Egypt and is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. The city once had the Lighthouse of Alexandria, and the largest library in the world that has been one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Also the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages.
Things To See in Alexandria:
Pompeii’s Pillar – Built in the middle ages amidst the ruins of Serapium in 297 A.D. for Emperor Diocletan. It is made by a granite pillar as high as 25 metres high.
Al-Shatby Necropolis – situated in the North of Saint Mark’s College, this tourist spot is popular because of its lines of old Greek houses built last 3rd centruy B. C.
The Roman Theatre – A popular theatre for locals and tourists because of its unique 12 semi circular marble tiers sitiated at Kom Al-Dekka, near the Graeco-Roman Museum.
The Tombs of Mustafa Kamel (Rushdy) – Tombs ruins that date from the 2nd century B. C. with the daily activities of the deceased written on the subterranean tombs. There are four bright coloured tombs in this spot.
The Catacombs of Kom al-Shoqafa – A three – leveled cemetery with a mix of Pharonic and Roman art that are cut into the rock to a depth of 100 feet. This is the largest Roman cemetery and was built in the 2nd Century A.D.
The Tombs of Al-Anfushi – Discovered in 1901 A.D, were five Ptloemic tombs from around the third century B.C.
Popular Museums in Alexandria
The Hydro-Biological Institute and Museum – A home to rare marine lives, this museum is situated at Al-Anfushi, near Qait Bey fortress.
The Graeco-Roman Museum – If you are an avid collector or admirer of rare things then you should visit this rare Greek and Roman relics and coins that has about 40,000 pieces inside the museum, from the 3rd century B.C. to the 7th century A.D, and don’t forget the Tanafra traesures are also in here.
The Royal Jewelry Museum – Inside the rooms and halls of this palace that was formerly owned by Fatma al-Zahra’a in Zizinia are rare paintings and architectural masterpiece’s as well as a priceless collection of jewels of the Mohammed Ali Dynasty.
The Museum of Fine Arts – This is where the Alexandria Biennial, an every two-year exhibits of Mediterranean arts, are held. Houses collections of sculptures, paintings, and architectural works. Exhibitions by contemporary foreign and Egyptian artists are also held there.
More fascinating attractions near Alexandria
King Mariut – If you like to relax and unwind then visit King Mariut’s amazing spa services. It is located about 34 km west of Alexandria, accessable by rail, bus, car or taxi.
Borg al-Arab – At about 52 km to the west of Alexandria, you will find Borg al – Arab. A communal grave with temple, and the Abu Sir lighthouse from Roman Times are located here.
Sidi Abdel Rahman Beach – The nearest beach is about 127 km west of Alexandria and 162 km before Matrouh, Sidu Abdel Rahman Beach. An excellent climate and a calm bay are the main reasons why this is such a popular destination, located 25 km west of Alamein.
Abu Mina – 50 km to the west Saint Mina was buried here. Dating back to the 4th century after he was killed during the reign of Diocletian in 226 A.D, this attraction has a basillica church and two small chapels, as well as other historical buildings.